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February 27, 2018
Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technologies are expected to play a key role in the decarbonisation of Britain’s transport and energy systems. Connecting millions of EVs and coordinating their charging and discharging would minimise the costs of EV charging while allowing the grid to integrate high levels of variable renewable energy sources.
A new study will assess the long-term viability of V2G in a changing energy system in Britain as well as the early opportunities in British energy markets using the consortium’s expertise drawn from a variety of key project partners and access to operational data on EV charging. Pathways for scaling up a V2G business to play a full role in a flexible energy system in Britain will be explored.
Element Energy will be leading a strong consortium of stakeholders from the transport and energy sectors, representing the complete value chain of V2G technologies. Nissan’s European Technical Centre, as part of Renault-Nissan Alliance research activities, and distribution network operator Western Power Distribution have been at the forefront of research and development exploring the potential benefits of EVs to electricity networks. Transmission system operator National Grid is recognised as one of the most innovative grid operators facing the challenge of integrating intermittent renewable energy into an islanded electricity grid, whilst aggregator Moixa has developed innovative software solutions to combine multitudes of batteries to a virtual power plant (VPP), which is able to support the stability of the power grid.
Consultancy Cenex and the Energy Systems Catapult, a leading technology and innovation centre set up by the government to help the UK navigate the transformation of our energy system, will support the study with their analytical modelling.
V2G – technology at the centre of a modern industrial revolution?
The feasibility study V2GB – Vehicle to Grid Britain is part of the Vehicle-to-Grid competition, funded by the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) and the Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), in partnership with Innovate UK.
In January 2018, the winners were announced at an event at the Royal Society in London. BEIS Minister Richard Harrington made clear the ambition of the Government for the UK to be at the forefront of the development of energy storage and electric vehicles: “We can’t aim low. I believe, that this country can be at the basis of the modern industrial revolution – hopefully to the benefit of everybody who lives here and the rest of the world beyond.”
OLEV and BEIS announced that 21 projects (8 feasibility studies, 5 collaborative research and development projects, and 8 real-world V2G trial projects) were to receive funding of c£30m to develop the business proposition and core technology around V2G, and demonstrate those with large-scale trials. The projects involve more than 50 industrial partners and research organisations from both the energy and automotive sectors, marking the largest and most diverse activities on V2G in the world, and trialling more than 2,700 vehicles across UK.
The V2G projects represent a significant step towards the transition to a low carbon transportation and a smart energy system. Allowing EVs to return energy to the electricity networks when parked and plugged for charging will increase network resilience, allow for better exploitation of renewable sources and lower the cost of ownership for EV owners, leading to new business opportunities and clear advantages for EV users and energy consumers.
For more information about this project, please contact Shane Slater or Lisa Ruf.
Posted in Power Generation, Transport
February 20, 2018
By 2030, Europe could improve its net GDP, create 206,000 additional jobs and reduce spending on oil imports by €49 billion through the transition to e-mobility. This will have the added benefit of reducing CO2 emissions from passenger cars by 88% by 2050 and significantly cutting air pollution, currently causing 467,000 premature deaths in Europe every year.
These are some of the conclusions of a new report – Fuelling Europe’s Future: How the transition from oil strengthens the economy – released by a consortium of stakeholders in the European mobility sector, including leading car manufacturers, industry associations, trade unions, consumer groups and civil society, convened by the European Climate Foundation.
Element Energy worked alongside Cambridge Econometrics to carry out the analysis which covered the technical, economic and environmental issues associated with the deployment of low carbon technologies and the shift from imported oil to domestically produced electricity and hydrogen
Key findings of the report are:
- Europe could cut its spending on oil imports by €49 billion in 2030, according to the report’s central scenario. At present, the European Union imports 89% of its crude oil, the vast majority of which is used for transport fuel. Replacing imported oil with domestically produced energy will keep many billions of euros re-circulating in the European economy.
- The European economy will be strengthened: In all three of the scenarios explored, the transition to e-mobility leads to an increase in GDP resulting from a reduction in consumer spending on fuel and reduction in foreign imports.
- By 2030, e-mobility could help create 206,000 net additional jobs in Europe. However, efforts must be made to ensure workers who are currently producing legacy technologies are retrained for quality jobs in producing the technologies of the future. The report finds that from 2030 onwards, the location of future battery manufacturing will have a significant economic impact.
- Health: In the central scenario CO2 emissions from cars are reduced by 88% by 2050. NOx and particulate matter emissions are also cut significantly with NOx emissions from cars forecast to be reduced from 1.3 million tonnes per year in 2017 to 70,000 tonnes per year in 2050. This dramatic reduction in air pollution will have important health impacts – currently there are 467,000 premature deaths a year in Europe as a result of air quality issues.
- Impact on consumers: The purchasing cost of Zero emissions vehicles and diesel/gasoline cars will converge by 2030. By 2030 the price difference will be narrowed as diesel and gasoline cars become more expensive due to regulatory limits and as ZEVs achieve economies of scale. There is a convergence in costs in our central case, especially when considered on a 4-year total cost of ownership basis.
- Investment in Grids and Chargers: Significant infrastructure investments are needed but benefits are likely to outweigh the costs. Up to around €23 billion of cumulative investment in electric vehicle charging infrastructure could be required in Europe by 2030, of which €9 billion would cover publicly accessible chargers. While electricity grids will need modernisation, the implementation of smart charging could be used to mitigate the costs. This will have the effect of reducing the increase in peak demand to just 3 GW (from 21 GW in a worst-case scenario). The costs of implementing smart charging can be more than offset by the value created by connected electric vehicles providing services to the network operator. By 2030, the smart-charging benefits per electric vehicles are expected to be around €100 per year.
If you would like more information about the services Element Energy can offer in this area, please contact Celine Cluzel.
Posted in Transport
February 13, 2018
Element Energy & Hydrogen Europe invite you to save the date for the second edition of the Zero Emission Bus Conference.
After a successful London-based conference in 2016, attended by over 250 global stakeholders, this year’s conference will be held in Cologne on 27th & 28th November.
The conference will continue efforts to accelerate the roll out of a clean transport network in European cities and will again bring together the key stakeholders from industry, policy makers & operators to focus on the leading zero emission technologies for buses: fuel cell electric and battery electric. Sector experts will discuss the latest advances made by each technology and how to overcome the challenges currently preventing widespread uptake across Europe.
Further details and an agenda will follow shortly.
The Save the Date invitation can be found here.
For more information, please contact Madeline Ojakovoh
Follow the latest news and updates on social media by following @zebconference and the#ZEB2018 hashtag.
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, was a keynote speaker at the 2016 conference and is committed to the growth of zero emission buses in London.
Posted in Transport
January 31, 2018
The fuel cell bus sector in Europe has received a tremendous boost with the launch of the JIVE 2 project (Second Joint Initiative for hydrogen Vehicles across Europe) on 25th January.
Coordinated by Element Energy, and supported by a €25m grant from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), the JIVE 2 project will deploy 152 fuel cell electric buses across 14 European cities throughout France, Germany, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK. This will expand the network of cities trialling fuel cell buses in Europe, demonstrating a growing appetite for the technology.
The collaborative project is an expansion of the JIVE initiative which is now entering its second year of activity. Combined, the JIVE projects will deploy nearly 300 fuel cell buses in 22 cities across Europe by the early 2020s – the largest deployment in Europe to date.
Stricter air quality regulations being introduced by some cities and municipalities will see current diesel buses banned from many city centres over the next few years. Fuel cell electric buses represent a viable alternative for public transport authorities, offering the same operational flexibility as diesel buses but without the harmful tailpipe emissions. By the end of the project, JIVE 2 aims to prove the operational capacity of fuel cell buses and to lay the foundations for uptake on a large scale.
The increased scale of deployment through the JIVE initiatives creates the conditions for accelerated development of European bus manufacturers’ production capabilities by the early 2020s. This will enable them to achieve the economies of scale needed for mass roll out of fuel cell buses, positioning this technology to become a key zero emission public transport alternative in the coming years.
The full press release can be read here.
For more information about the JIVE 2 project and our work in hydrogen vehicles, contact Ben Madden.
Follow the latest fuel cell bus projects developments on @fuelcellbus
Posted in Transport
January 22, 2018
Shell has announced its plans to build a new hydrogen electrolysis plant at its Rhineland refinery. The announcement comes after further funding for the project was secured by a European consortium comprising Shell, ITM Power, SINTEF, thinkstep and Element Energy. With a peak capacity of 10 megawatts, the plant will be the largest of its kind in the world.
The hydrogen will be used for the processing and upgrading of products at the refinery’s Wesseling site as well as testing the technology and exploring application in other sectors. If powered by renewable electricity, the hydrogen will help to reduce the carbon intensity of the site. Going forward, units such as this will help balance the supply of electricity to the grid from renewable sources.
The project secured 10 million euros from the Fuel Cell Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH-JU), bringing the project’s total investment to approximately 20 million euros. Element Energy prepared the successful proposal to FCH JU, and will be participating in the project by conducting analysis of novel business models for electrolysers of this scale.
The full announcement by Shell can be found here.
For more information about the project and our work in the hydrogen sector, contact Ben Madden.
Posted in Power Generation
December 18, 2017
The Refhyne project will build the largest hydrogen electrolyser at Shell’s Rhineland refinery
On 7th December 2017, the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment, Denis Naughten TD, announced the introduction of the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) for Ireland after securing Government approval.
Element Energy has been working closely with the a cross-departmental working group including the Department for Communications, Climate Action and Environment (DCCAE), the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) and the National Treasury Management Agency (NTMA) to design the scheme, which will support the replacement of fossil fuel heating systems with renewable energy for non-domestic users with a large heat demand. The RHI aims to close the gap to Ireland’s target for 2020 of 12% of energy consumed in the heat sector to come from renewable sources, and to drive a reduction in carbon emissions, particularly among large heat users outside the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme.
More information is available on the DCCAE website.
For more information about this work, please contact Sam Foster.
Posted in Buildings
December 5, 2017
The Local Authority Air Quality Initiative of the Year was won by Birmingham City Council at the National Air Quality awards on 23rd November. The winning ‘Birmingham NOx reduction Champions’ project converted 65 highly-polluting diesel black cabs to liquified petroleum gas (LPG) using £500,000 funding secured from DfT.
Important achievements of the project include establishing a supply chain for LPG in the local region, and the development of a new low emissions technology for taxis. This technology meets the Clean Air Zone requirement and has now been approved by Transport for London for use in the capital.
Element Energy has been heavily involved in the project from the beginning, from running workshops with taxi drivers, to project managing the emissions testing of the vehicles, and disseminating the project results to other Local Authorities.
We are proud to have been involved in this pioneering project, and are very pleased that the continued efforts of our partners at Birmingham City Council and Harborne garage have been recognised.
For more information about the project and our work in low emissions transport, please contact Celine Cluzel.
Posted in Transport
November 6, 2017
Partners of the Birmingham NOx reduction Champions project collect the award for Local Authority Air Quality Initiative of the Year 2017
Element Energy has enjoyed another successful year at the ‘2017 Low Carbon Champions Awards’ organised by the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP). The West Midlands Low Emission Bus Delivery Plan, developed by Element Energy for Transport for West Midlands (TfWM), took home the award for ‘Outstanding Publication of the Year’, an award that Element Energy also won in 2016 for the Transport Infrastructure Roadmaps. The awards ceremony also highlighted and commended several other projects and areas of low carbon transport that Element Energy has been involved in, including the decarbonisation of heavy goods vehicles (HGVs).
The West Midlands Low Emission Bus Delivery Plan, launched in July 2016, outlines a plan for delivering low emissions buses to improve air quality in the region. The Delivery Plan highlights regions of priority for the deployment of low emission buses and outlines a timeline to achieve a 90% reduction in NOx emissions by 2035. The judges said: “This report was very well presented and a good example of effective collaboration between a leading transport authority, expert consultants and other key stakeholders. Clear evidence was provided that the project has made an impact and that it has inspired other city authorities to replicate similar measures elsewhere.”
Element Energy and Transport for West Midlands collect the LowCVP award for Outstanding Publication of the Year
The Low Carbon Champions ceremony also highlighted recent efforts to decarbonise HGVs, an area that Element Energy has been actively involved in. Recognition was given to the work of the European FREVUE project and CNG Fuels who each tackled this difficult-to-address sector using pure electric and green gas strategies, respectively.
FREVUE is a European Council funded project that demonstrated the use of pure electric vans and rigid truck in 7 European capitals, including London. Element Energy put together the winning bid for the consortium in 2012 so are well aware of the ambitious targets the consortium set itself and glad to see their success acknowledged.
CNG Fuels, meanwhile, were recognised for their work both in establishing Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) refuelling stations from the high-pressure gas grid and in certifying biogas by tracking its supply through the grid. Element Energy were commissioned by Cadent Gas to monitor the environmental and economic performance of their Leyland CNG refuelling station, the first station to dispense biomethane accredited by the Department of Transport, and at no cost premium. The results, published in July, show the articulated HGVs refuelling at Leyland have Well to Wheel emissions 84% lower than if they were run on diesel (see Figure below). This is impressive result for the freight sector and reinforces the merit of the accolades that CNG Fuels have received for their work.
Element Energy’s analysis showed Well-to-Wheel emissions savings of 84% using CNG
For more information about these reports and our work in the Low Carbon transport sector, contact Celine Cluzel.
Posted in Transport
October 24, 2017
At its final dissemination event in Brussels on 11th October 2017, the flagship European trial of fuel cell combined heat and power (FC micro-CHP), ene.field, concluded that FC micro-CHP deserves a place in the future energy system.
FC micro-CHP is a highly efficient home energy system that uses a single fuel to simultaneously produce electricity and heat for a building. It reaches system efficiencies of up to 95% and electrical efficiencies of up to 60%. The fuel cell works by combining hydrogen produced from the fuel and oxygen from the air to produce power, water, and heat.
Over the past five years, the ene.field project has deployed and monitored over 1,000 new installations of residential FC micro-CHP across 10 key European countries. It represents a step change in the volume of fuel cell deployment for this sector in each country. By learning the practical implications of installing, operating and supporting a fleet of fuel cells with real world customers, ene.field has demonstrated the environmental and economic imperative of FC micro-CHP, and laid the foundations for market exploitation
The final dissemination event highlighted the need to put in place the right policy framework to encourage wide deployment of this technology in Europe. Only with high-level recognition of the system benefits can FC micro-CHP achieve the necessary scale and reduction in cost to significantly contribute to a cleaner, more reliable energy system for European consumers. Key policy recommendations are outlined in the ene.field Policy Report.
The event also introduced the PACE project (Pathway to a Competitive European Fuel Cell micro-Cogeneration market), which will build upon the success of ene.field. Both projects bring together major manufacturers from across Europe, representatives from the wider energy industry and the research community. These stakeholders, together with the EU, will have invested more than €140 million in Fuel Cell micro-Cogeneration by 2020.
The presentations of the event are available on the websites of ene.field and PACE.
Element Energy was commissioned to prepare the funding application for both projects. Since then, we have been involved as the technical coordinator for the project and have conducted key pieces of analysis, including supply chain and Life Cycle Cost assessment, and market projections.
For more information on the event and our work on these projects, please contact Lisa Ruf.
Posted in Power Generation
October 13, 2017
2017 10 11 event PACE FUEL CELL micro-Cogeneration Heating and Powering your home event hosted by COGEN at Automuseum Brussels
Industry leaders confirmed their commitment to expanding the deployment of fuel cell electric vehicles across Europe at the “Hydrogen for Clean Transport” conference on 22 September 2017. The event was organised by Element Energy in collaboration with partners from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) H2ME and HyFIVE projects. Around 300 participants joined the event to discover the major advances occurring in the hydrogen transport sector.
Against the backdrop of recent European commitments to decarbonisation of energy and transport systems, the efforts from global vehicle manufacturers set the tone for an industry ready to move towards a zero emission transport sector by 2040. Vehicles from Audi, BMW, Daimler, Honda, Hyundai, Symbio, and Toyota were displayed in front of the Charlemagne building in Brussels, showing what fuel cells and hydrogen technology can offer to transport – clean vehicles with long range and fast refueling.
Mrs Clara de la Torre, Director of Transport DG Research & Innovation, opened the conference with encouraging statements for the sector and reminded us of President Junker’s declaration that “decarbonisation fundamentally changes the way our industry is powered”. Throughout her speech, Mrs de la Torre acknowledged the major progress and achievements of the FCH JU.
Experts from HyFIVE and H2ME presented the lessons learned and showed how the sector is overcoming the challenges and barriers currently faced by fuel cell technology.
The message delivered by the industry was clear: hydrogen fuel cells plus electric-vehicle technology offer a viable path to zero emission transport and, as part of the wider energy system, can support grid operations and integration of renewable energies.
Read the press release here
Watch the entire conference web streaming here
Download the presentations by Ben Madden (Element Energy), Oliver Bishop (Shell) and Bart Biebuyck (FCH JU)
See the work of H2ME, including an interview with Ben Madden, featured in a short film by Euronews TV.
For more information about the event and our work in hydrogen technology, contact Lisa Ruf
Posted in Transport
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